Individuals researching or collecting information on what is lupus can find a plethora of websites giving detailed information about this condition. Lupus is basically a disease that afflicts the immune system. In this condition the immune system attacks the wrong objects thinking these to be foreign and harmful. In this condition excess proteins are created by a person’s immune system and these antibodies attach to the structures in a person’s body. This causes pain, inflammation and damage.
Information on what is lupus will also indicate that researchers, scientists and medical health professionals have not been exactly able to determine the causes for this condition. However it is believed that there are multitude factors that result in this condition. These may include genetic factors, environmental factors and hormonal problems as well. Some other aspects that may contribute include stress, certain kinds of medications, diet, some bacteria and viruses and exposure to light particularly ultra violet light.
Literature on what is lupus also indicates that this condition afflicts certain kinds of people. Around 90% of individuals suffering from lupus are women. Likewise people belonging to certain communities are more likely to suffer from this condition. So Latinos and African Americans are more likely to experience this condition as compared to Caucasians.
What is lupus can be better understood from the different types of lupus seen among people and the symptoms associated with these different types. Systemic lupus is the type wherein different systems or organs within the body may be involved and affected. In Discoid lupus a scaly and red rash may be seen on the areas that are exposed to the sun including the arms, face, scalp and legs and the trunk. Finally in drug induced lupus reactions to some medications may result in the development of this illness.
People suffering from lupus may experience the associated symptoms to varying degrees. In some patients the symptoms may be quite severe while in other individuals there may be flare ups. What is lupus can be understood better if the associated problems and symptoms are understood. People suffering from lupus experience weakness, fatigue and lethargy along with joint and muscle pain and swelling. Such a person may also experience fever and skin rashes.
Lupus also results in joint and muscle pain. People suffering from lupus also experience mouth and nose ulcers. In some cases the sac that surrounds the heart may experience inflammation and in some cases kidney problems may also occur. Diagnosis of lupus cannot be done easily and has to be conducted based on physical evaluation of the symptoms along with some laboratory tests.