Urology

Frequently asked questions

Problems urinating

Urinary hesitancy affects people of all ages and occurs in both sexes.Urinary hesitancy usually comes on slowly over time.But urination problems may be a sign of more serious problems.
For fight this problem you need to use Urinary incontinence products.

Why constipation occurs?

Constipation is a problem when a person passes stools less frequently compared to their normal bowel habit and defined as the inability to easily have a bowel movement. They may also experience small, hard stools and stomach cramps. Everyone will experience constipation at some point in their life. This results are a heavy, uneasy feeling, abdominal pain and cramps, and sticky or no stools.

In general every person should get bowel movements of upto 2 daily. It is not a problem of constipation if you are getting only one bowel movement a day or one time for 2 days. But it is not good to get practice of one bowel movement for 2 days. People who have been suffering from bowel movement less than per week should be treated as suffering with constipation problem.

Many factors contribute for the problem of constipation: Low fiber intake from food, Low fluid intake, A lack of physical activity, not having a sleep of 8 hours, irregular timing of meals and even many more.
Constipation is not a life threatening problem but it should not be neglect becoming chronic. Add healthy diet with more fiber in it, drink excess of water, regular exercise is also necessary. There are some products which are available for reducing the problem of constipation.

Cough relief techniques

Getting effected with Cough is a natural reflex of the body and occurs in order to try and clear the airways of mucus (phlegm) or contaminants such as dust or smoke. A cough often arises with a viral infection such as the common cold, flu or with other conditions.

There are two types:

Dry Cough (unproductive): A dry cough presents as a tickle in the back of the throat which doesn’t has no mucus when coughing. A dry cough can occur due to the airways becoming damaged due to an infection, changes in temperature and cigarette smoking. It also occurs due to side effect of certain medicines. Also, a dry cough in children that is worse at night should be reported, as it may be a sign of asthma. It it lasts longer than 2 weeks consult your doctor. To reduce coughing use Cough suppressants as these work by acting on the area in the brain that causes a person to cough.

Chesty (productive cough): A chesty cough presents as a cough with mucus or phlegm. This excess phlegm is produced by the body to help fight infection or to remove contaminants from the lungs. Occurs with the common cold or flu and presents with symptoms such as headache, fever, nasal congestion and general aches and pains. Chesty cough treatments can be done with Expectorants, these work by diluting out the mucus, thereby making it thinner and easier to remove by coughing. But if If you experience any shortness of breath, difficulty in breathing or chest pain, you should consult a doctor.

How Are Hemorrhoids Prevented

Firstly knowing everyone contains veins at the anal area but due to the excess pressure, these veins get swollen causing Hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids are of two types. First, Internal hemorrhoids: located inside the rectum cannot be seen or felt, but may bleed.

Second, External hemorrhoids: due to the swell of external veins, Can feel around the outside of the anus. When Hemorrhoids occurs lots of pain will be felt and it will be difficult to get a free bowel movement. It is important to note that constipation can be a major contributor to the development of hemorrhoids. It can result in straining for longer periods and can cause the veins to swell and enlarge.
Hemorrhoids can be prevented by including high fiber diet, drinking more water, to perform exercise daily.

Avoiding some foods like spicy foods should be avoided as they irritate the digestive tract. Foods that cause constipation should also be avoided such as white bread, white rice, cheese, and processed foods, are not wise diet choices.

But one thing Hemorrhoids are not life threatening diseases but don’t let them to be chronic. With little effort you can get more pain-free life.

What Are the Symptoms of Hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids are common in everyone and it occurs only for few people due to weakening of the muscles that support the blood vessels in the anal area. Due to straining during bowel movement, chronic constipation, diarrhea and sitting for long periods of time can cause hemorrhoids to develop.

In addition to this there are other causes like excessive and prolonged coughing, sneezing and vomiting, being obsessed, low fiber content in the diet, less amount of water intake and constant heavy lifting or standing.

One can know about by some symptoms that he/she is suffering with Hemorrhoids. Due to increased pressure on the veins of anal canal the Hemorrhoids will get swollen with pain. The major signs and symptoms are: Rectal pain, Pain may be experienced when you clean the anal area.

Pain during bowel movement.

Anal itching.

Bleeding during a bowel movement. And this may cause uncomfortable to sit and pain occurs whenever attempted to sit.

Treatment for hemorrhoids may include many but get to know the correct one.

What are hemorrhoids caused from?

Hemorrhoids are veins around the rectum that have become swollen and inflamed. It can be caused by several conditions. If your diet doesn’t include sufficient amount of fiber which is treated as the major cause of hemorrhoids and for it a balanced diet is important. Straining during bowel movements, stools that are too loose and watery may predispose you to development of hemorrhoids. Pregnancy which increases abdominal pressure with the increasing growth of the baby may all increase risk of hemorrhoids due to the tissue weaken in rectum and anus. Avoid activities that aggravate hemorrhoids.
Overweight people are also at risk of developing hemorrhoids because their weight puts a lot of strain on the pelvic and rectal region of the body. If you do not drink enough water, and by consuming alcohol or coffee you are increasing the amount of diuretics in your body that makes it lose water quickly can get worse to cause Hemorrhoids.

Never push and strain to have a bowel movement. Avoid standing for long periods of time, avoid sitting on the toilet for extended periods of time. A sedentary lifestyle can be bad for you so keep exercising at least 15 minutes daily.

There are several ways to treat Hemorrhoids but to find the exact one.

How to cure hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids, also known as piles, and these are the veins present at the areas of anal canal. Every human being consists if these veins and these will bulge out for certain conditions. Before going to get cure these hemorrhoids it is important to know difference between internal and external hemorrhoids.
Internal hemorrhoids are inside the rectum while external hemorrhoids are outside the rectum around the anus. Internal hemorrhoids cannot be seen and usually are more severe than external hemorrhoids. External hemorrhoids known as Thrombosed Hemorrhoids are also a serious condition and should be diagnosed by a doctor before treating the hemorrhoid.

There are many treatments for hemorrhoids. Local Anaesthetics: These help by numbing the affected area, and help to reduce pain and itching. Hydrocortisone: Hydrocortisone is a topical steroid and helps to calm inflammation and itching. Laxatives: Since Haemorrhoids can arise due to excessive straining in constipation,a laxative such as dulcolax may be beneficial.

Blood clot on spermatic cord.

I have sort of a mixed bag of problems in my testicles. Firstly, I have varicose veins on the left side of the sac in which I did receive surgery some ten years ago to rectify. Unfortunately, they have returned with a vengeance and I am very reluctant to make a decision as to what to do, even though its bothersome and proves uncomfortable.

On the main topic, I have a blood clot ON my spermatic cord as a result of trauma, or impact to that region. I did consult with a Urologist(s). They had suggested the clot would be fine and it would eventually absorb. Well, its been a year and it has not completely absorbed. It started out as a peanut sized clot, and has reduced to a pea; however this pea-size has not fluctuated at all in at least 6-8 months. The Urologists also suggested surgery, and while they would surgically correct the varicose veins, they could perhaps look into the clot, and cut it out (with a certain degree of risk). Because this area is so evolutionary, delicate and irreplaceable, I am very apprehensive about doing anything at this point. However, I am concerned both with the clot, and the varicose veins.

Urethritis, Epididymitis-orchitis or Varicoceles?

I have suffered from frequent urinary tract infections (because of unprotected oral sex) in the last 5 years. I have been treated with antibiotics each time successfully.

Since last year, I stopped having even unprotected oral sex and have largely abstained form sex. I had urethritis symptoms in May 2012 and October 2012 and urine tests always came back normal. I was still prescribed cefuroxime.

In November 2012, I tested myself for HIV, VDRL, Hepatitis B and C and all turned out to be negative. My urine tests were clear too. I was asymptomatic at this time. In January 2013 last week, I developed testicular pain (mild, dragging) and I saw urologist #1 on February 13th, 2013, who prescribed doxycycline for 10 days. With doxycycline, the pain seemed to reduce a bit but after 10 days, the pain returned.

Another urologist`(urologist #2) prescribed Azithromycine (just one dose) and doxycycline for a further 7 days on 26th of February, 2013.

On the 5th of March, I went to my GP who said it is epididymitis-orchitis and prescribed cefuroxime for 7 days. The testicle seemed swelled and the pain radiated to my abdomen and thighs. The antibiotics and pain killers just didn’t help. On the 12th of March, 2013, I saw my GP again who referred me to a general surgeon He checked my testicles and said it is epididymytis and asked for a Urine routine/culture, semen routine/culture and lower abdomen (prostatic) and scrotal ultrasounds. All the tests came out normal but the ultrasound found left mild varicoceles. I immediately asked a third urologist (urologist #3) who said all my symptoms are because of varicoceles, I must wear a jockstrap and that I should get a surgery.

My question is, I never had testicular pain in my life and varicoceles never bothered me. I have been getting recurrent urethritis on and off. Since one week I experience painful ejaculation and urination as well, and these can’t be symptoms of varicoceles as far as I know. If all tests are clear and there is no infection, why do I still suffer radiating pain (which is a symptom of epidedymitis) and not just dull dragging pain in the scrotum? Also, it does not explain my painful urination and ejaculation.

I am going to see the urologist #1 again tomorrow but they do not have any time to answer my questions and get irritated even after charging a bomb for consultation.

My GP is not friendly any more and he thinks I am overly sensitive and I must just forget about it as there is no infection. But I cant forget constant radiating testicular pain (jockstraps are of little help) and burning sensation during ejaculation and urination.

How come my urine in the morning is dark yellow?

Drink more close to bedtime. Or keep cooler at night. Sounds like you are getting slightly dehydrated at night, although I bet this happens to a lot of people. It isn’t too bad as long as your urine is ok in the daytime. Just be sure to have a big glass of water as soon as you wake.

How do I use someones urine to pass a drug test?

Put in a rubber glove and keep under your nuts to keep your body temp, have a small pointy object to poke it and put it in the cup. Your urine should always be between 98-100 degrees.

Tear in glans / meatus. Please help

I’ve been going through a nighmarish situation for the past 2 months; I’m very worried that I have some irreversible damage and I’m super scared. I’m a 33 year old male, and and help or advice would be immensely appreciated.

~2 months ago, the opening to my penis was torn slightly. It happened during sex, my gf wa on top it came out and then she put some force on it accidentally when she came back down and hit it. I didn’t notice till the next day, there was no noticeable bleeding, but I could tell the opening was a bit over 1/16th of an inch larger. You can pretty clearly see the opening seems to be y-shaped, because of the tear.

It doesn’t seem like a like a lot – but let me tell, you _feel_ that. Every time I moved I would get a jolt of pain. I couldn’t even wear underwear because the friction was too much. Just to be able to walk around I had to wear a bandage with a shaving cream cap to prevent the friction. I went to my doctor right away and he said to wait, it would be fine.

3 urologists later, it’s not fine at all. It’s gotten worse. I woke up with an erection the other day and the opening to my penis was actually spreading apart. It was as if part of the side was almost prolapsing out. I felt stress on different parts of the opening that I do not normally feel. I could see down into the open way more than I could before. I was scared out of my mind! I still am! I went to the ER after I called my mom because I didn’t know what else to do. The ER really didn’t either. They took some blood and urine samples, told me to think about math problems and have me waiting to follow up with my Urologist who only wants me to wait.

I literally feel like my penis will tear itself apart if I get an erection. I still need to wear banages and a cap on my penis to even move around. This is seriously impacting the quality of my life. My brother had back surgery and he got better faster than this! I haven’t been able to go to work for over a week, theres a lot of stress on my relationship with my gf since we can barely have any physical contact due to the pain involved for me.

I’m very, very worried. My next appointment with my urologist is soon, I’ve been waiting through the weekend for it. I think I may need to find a new one, because I really need to get a course of action going that’s going to result in my getting better. I don’t know when this will start to heal, or even if it can heal. It’s the scariest thing I think can happen to a man.

My mom got a urinary tract infection in the hospital?

She could, but she would be wasting her time and money. UTI’s are common with catheter placement. Your bladder is basically sterile and when you introduce foreign objects into it you tend to get infections. It is NOT because the nurse did not clean her well or anything, it is because the catheter has to pass through the urethra which is the tube between the bladder and the outside and there is no way for the nurse to clean it.

What color do your urine suppose to be if you becomes pregnant?

It is WAY too early right after sex to tell if you are pregnant, most pregnant women do not begin to show symptoms until 4-6 weeks along. It sounds like you could possibly have gotten a yeast infection, or bladder infection, both of which can cause discomfort, but the urine coloring would be a bladder problem. Go ahead and see your Dr. to get tested for a UTI.

What does urine actually tell a doctor about you?

I know from being drug tested that your urine contains traces of most foreign substances you may have ingested. Of course, the amount of time it stays in your system varies from drug to drug. They can also determine your age, immune status (white pee= hydrated, yellow = dehydrated), and I believe, though I’m not sure, that STDs can be detected through urine tests.

What’s the best over the counter way to treat a urinary tract infection?

There are otc meds out there like uristat but that doesn’t cure it, it only lessens the pain/irritation. you have to go to the doctor and get a prescription (usually amoxicillin) to cure it. cranberry juice helps, although doctors aren’t sure why.

Can a urine test tell the difference between Morphine and Oxycontin?

Morphine will be in the urine for 2-3 Days, in the blood for 6 hours, and hair tests can find everything for 90+ days.Oxycontin is actually not Morphine, with a 2-4 day urine test, 16 hours in the blood and 90 days in the hair.Most labs test for opiates and leave it at that; but further tests can be run to check for the type in some cases based on other chemicals in the body.

What happens when urine is allowed to stand for sometime exposed to air?

They know what they are doing. Urine is urine. I’ve never seen urine exposed to air. It’s in a container with a top on it. Most doctors offices check their own urine. A lot of bathrooms in the doctors offices have a little door in the wall for you to put your urine specimen in. In this case it does not have a top. On the other side of that door is their lab. They take it and test it before you even leave the office. I’ve checked a lot of urine specimens.Urine doesn’t need a preservative for normal testing.

 

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