Overall Study Question
These investigators evaluated the benefit of using a symptom-triggered versus fixed-schedule doses of benzodiazepines for the prevention of alcohol withdrawal.
117 patients with alcohol dependence who were entering an alcohol dependence program. Their average age was 47 and 77% were male.
Patients were randomized to a fixed schedule of oxazepam 30 mg Q6H for 4 doses followed by 15 mg PO Q6H for 8 doses or a symptom triggered dose (Clinical Institute Withdrawal Assessment for Alcohol scale*) which included a placebo given in a similar regimen as the fixed schedule group plus doses (15-30 mg) of oxazepam as needed based on an alcohol withdrawal scale.
* patients with scores between 8 and 15 received 15 mg of oxazepam, and those with a score higher than 15 received 30 mg of oxazepam
|Patients who received oxazepam (%)||Average total dose of oxazepam (mg)||As needed oxazepam (mg)||Total # of seizures||Hallucinations, DT’s||QOL, well being|
|Fixed schedule (n=61)||100||231||7||0||0||NSS|
|Symptom based (n=56)||39||38||38||1||0|
How does this study contribute to the use of benzodiazepines in the prevention of alcohol withdrawal?
This study shows that treatment of patients who are at risk for alcohol withdrawal do as well on a symptom-triggered regimen of oxazepam as on a fixed-dose schedule. The total amount of oxazepam used is lower in the symptom-triggered group.
Daeppen JB, Gache P, Landry U, Sekera E, Schweizer V, Gloor S, Yersin B. Symptom-triggered vs fixed-schedule doses of benzodiazepine for alcohol withdrawal: a randomized treatment trial. Arch Intern Med 2002;162:1093-4