Pathology O for Massage Therapists

Osgood-Schlatter Disease

Definition: inflammation or partial detachment of the tibial tuberosity from the tibia; where patellar ligament inserts on tibia

Causes: repetitive trauma, chronic inflammation, from too much jumping, running

Signs/Symptoms: pain and swelling in area of tibial tuberosity

Indications: Relax quadriceps femoris and treat tibial tuberosity

Contraindications: none


Definition: “porous bones”; weakening of bones, loss of bone mass

Causes: aging, lack of exercise, menopause ( reduction of hormones), cortisone use, trauma, injury, calcium deficiency, unable to absorb and metabolize calcium, high intake of phosphate in foods

Signs/Symptoms: weakened bone structure, shrinkage in height of backbone, hip fractures

Indications: Massage lightly for stress reduction; Use caution as bones could break

Contraindications: Caution: bones brittle and subject to breaking under slightest pressure

Taming Osteaoporosis – By John Upledger, DO, OMM

Ottis Externa, Media, Interna

Definition: Ear infections: externa-outer ear (swimmer’s ear), Media- middle ear, usually in children. Interna- inner ear

Causes: food allergies, impacted wax, bacterial or viral infection

Signs/Symptoms: fever, chills, pain in ear, plugged feeling in ear

Indications: Massage for stress reduction and removal of toxins

Contraindications: Refer to appropriate health care practitioner for treatment and diet changes

Ovarian Cyst

Definition: Cyst on ovary

Causes: endometriosis, improper diet and lifestyle

Signs/Symptoms: pain in abdominal region, pain at ovulation

Indications: Massage for stress reduction and removal of abdominal adhesions (may need visceral manipulation specialist)

Contraindications: Refer to Physician to rule out ectopic pregnancy and cancer. Refer to appropriate health care practitioner.

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