Pathology G for Massage Therapists

Ganglion Cysts

Ganglion Cysts By Whitney Lowe, LMT, NCTMB

Ruth Werner on Cysts

Gall Stones (cholelithiasis and cholecystitis)

Definition: crystallized cholesterol combined with bile in the gall bladder may cause inflammation of gall bladder

Causes: high fat diet, improper digestion, toxic liver, hormonal changes as in pregnancy or birth control pills or estrogen replacement therapy.

Signs/Symptoms: often no symptoms until it moves to block the bile passageway; then nausea, vomiting, pain in the upper right abdominal quadrant to right shoulder may occur

Indications: Castor oil packs to relieve pain

Contraindications: Refer to appropriate health care practitioner for immediate detoxification and diet modification.  Surgery may be necessary in extreme cases.

Gastritis

Definition: inflammation of the stomach

Causes: may be caused by irritant such as alcohol, aspirin, sensitivity to food, stress (excess stomach acid)

Signs/Symptoms: pain, belching, nausea

Indications: Massage for stress reduction

Contraindications: Refer to appropriate health care practitioner for treatment and to rule out more serious problems

Gastrointestinal Reflux Disorder

Definition: heart burn due to malfunctioning esophageal spincter muscle that closes the esophagus and prevents stomach acid from surging upward

Causes: hormonal changes such as increased estrogens, hiatal hernia, excessive acidity due to improper diet, stress, vertebral subluxation, improper or inadequate digestion

Signs/Symptoms: burning sensation in the stomach or chest

Indications: Massage for stress reduction, Visceral manipulation.

Contraindications: May have to be sitting up or with head higher than stomach to relieve symptoms.  Refer to appropriate health care provider for nutritional, diet and lifestyle changes.

Genital Herpes

Definition: sexually transmitted disease

Causes: virus; outbreaks may be stress induced or related to intake of certain foods such as almonds, barley, grains, chicken, chocolate, popcorn, corn, dairy products, meat, nuts, peanuts.

Signs/Symptoms: may have no symptoms; painful, fluid filled blisters that are highly infectious, painful urination

Indications: Massage for stress reduction

Contraindications: follow strict hygiene care, highly contagious:  avoid working points around sacrum as it may trigger an eruption

Golfer’s Elbow Golfer’s Elbow – By Ben Benjamin, PhD

Gonorrhea

Definition: sexually transmitted disease

Causes: bacteria

Signs/Symptoms: may have no symptoms; painful urination and cloudy discharge

Indications: Massage for stress reduction

Contraindications: Follow strict hygiene care, highly contagious:  Refer to Physician

Gout

Definition: type of arthritis that affects the joint of the big toe, foot , ankle, fingers

Causes: too much uric acid in the blood, tissues caused by lack of digestive enzyme called uricase that oxidizes uric acid. Also may be related to intake of consumption of alcohol, meat and lack of water.

Signs/Symptoms: redness, swelling, extremely sensitive and painful joints; usually the big toe or foot but may be other joints too.  Definitive diagnosis is to test fluid in joint.

Indications: Massage for detoxification

Contraindications: May not be able to touch inflamed area; work above.  Refer for nutritional, dietary and lifestyle changes.

Graves Disease -see Hyperthyroidism

Guillain- Barre

Definition: inflammation of peripheral nerves

Causes: viral, flu shots, autoimmune disease, infections, surgery, Hodgkin’s Lymphoma.

Signs/Symptoms: rapid onset of weakness, paralysis, tingling in hands and feet

Indications: Massage for stress reduction; Sensation may be limited.

Contraindications: Refer to appropriate health care provider.

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